The most expensive coffee in the world is harvested from a place where the sun doesn’t shine. Kopi luwak or civet coffee refers to the coffee that includes part-digested coffee cherries eaten and defecated by the Asian palm civet. Kopi luwak is the world’s most expensive coffee. The main factor of its high price is the uncommon method of producing such a coffee. It has been produced from the coffee beans which have been digested by a certain Indonesian cat-like animal called then palm civet or also civet cat. This is the reason kopi luwak is also called cat poop coffee or civet cat coffee. The feces of this cat will be collected, finished and sold as kopi luwak.
Producers of the coffee beans argue that the process may improve coffee through two mechanisms, selection, and digestion. Selection occurs if the civets choose to eat cherries. Digestive mechanisms may improve the flavor profile of the coffee beans that have been eaten. The civet eats the cherries for the fleshy pulp, then in the digestive tract, fermentation occurs.
The short supply, in comparison with the high demand, the different taste and the uncommon production methods define the value of kopi luwak – the most expensive coffee in the world.
Here is the process how the coffee is produced:
1. The Coffee Tree: Coffea, the coffee tree is a flowering evergreen plant which is native to tropical Africa and Asia. In the 17th century, it was also imported to Latin-America. The Tree produces coffee beans when the season is right and thus we have the main ingredient.
2. The Coffee Beans: Actually, the coffee beans are not beans but seem. They contain caffeine as a plant defense against animals. however, this is no protection against the palm civet cat.
3. The Palm Civet: The Palm civet, which is also known as the civet cats are small mammals which belong to the Viverridae family. Normally, they prefer to eat just the ripest coffee cherries in Indonesia, These animals are known as Luwak.
4. The Digestion: During the digestion process, the coffee cherries and the pulp are removed and the coffee beans are not digested. During this process, some kind of unique fermentation process occurs which is responsible for giving the civet coffee is special flavor.
5. The feces: After about 24 hours later, the coffee beans are defecated by the civet cat. In southeast Asia, these feces are considered golden. They are collected from farmers and process into coffee.
6. The finishing: In the next step, the coffee beans are washed, dried, pounded to remove the skin and finally roasted.
7. The Kopi Luwak: The Kopi Luwak coffee can be brewed like any other coffee. You should try to avoid using sugar, milk or cream in the Kopi Luwak because these ingredients will not allow you to taste its unique flavor.